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J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Apr;61(4):303-313. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001538.

Absenteeism and Presenteeism Associated With Common Health Conditions in Brazilian Workers.

Author information

1
Department and Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil (Dr Baptista, Dr Wang, and Dr Andrade); University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (Dr Burton); Public Health School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (Ms Nahas); Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Brazil (Dr Viana).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study describes the effects of common health conditions associated with absenteeism and presenteeism in a population-based sample of workers in Brazil.

METHODS:

Data were analyzed from the cross-sectional São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey on 1737 employed residents aged more than 18 years old conducted from 2005 to 2007.

RESULTS:

Physical diseases and mental disorders are highly prevalent among Brazilian workers. The prevalence of absenteeism was 12.8%, and the prevalence of presenteeism was 14.3%. The condition most commonly associated with work impairment was mood disorder.

CONCLUSIONS:

Improving access to care and increasing detection and management of mental disorders should be a priority in Brazil. Occupational health programs and services can play a key role in increasing the productivity of the Brazilian workforce.

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