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J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Apr;61(4):303-313. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001538.

Absenteeism and Presenteeism Associated With Common Health Conditions in Brazilian Workers.

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Department and Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil (Dr Baptista, Dr Wang, and Dr Andrade); University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (Dr Burton); Public Health School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (Ms Nahas); Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Brazil (Dr Viana).



This study describes the effects of common health conditions associated with absenteeism and presenteeism in a population-based sample of workers in Brazil.


Data were analyzed from the cross-sectional São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey on 1737 employed residents aged more than 18 years old conducted from 2005 to 2007.


Physical diseases and mental disorders are highly prevalent among Brazilian workers. The prevalence of absenteeism was 12.8%, and the prevalence of presenteeism was 14.3%. The condition most commonly associated with work impairment was mood disorder.


Improving access to care and increasing detection and management of mental disorders should be a priority in Brazil. Occupational health programs and services can play a key role in increasing the productivity of the Brazilian workforce.

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