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Clin Radiol. 2019 Mar;74(3):207-215. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2018.12.010. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Evaluation of a diagnostic 18F-FDG PET/CT strategy for differentiating benign from malignant retroperitoneal soft-tissue masses.

Author information

1
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, South Korea.
2
Department of Radiology, Seoul Medical Center, South Korea.
3
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, South Korea. Electronic address: jynm.choi@samsung.com.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the optimal combined 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) diagnostic criteria for distinguishing between benign and malignant retroperitoneal soft-tissue masses (RPMs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 74 patients (M:F=34:40; age, 53±13.2 years) who underwent FDG PET/CT for the initial work-up of RPMs were included. The maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax), tumour size, presence of fat or calcifications and separated hypermetabolic lesions were included as PET/CT diagnostic parameters. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare the diagnostic performance.

RESULTS:

The final pathological diagnoses included 52 malignant and 22 benign tumours. High SUVmax (>4.8) and large size (>13 cm) favoured malignancy, and yielded a diagnostic accuracy and AUC of 64.9%, 0.820±0.059, and 68.9%, 0.738±0.061, respectively. In a subgroup of RPMs with a fat component, both SUVmax and size were significantly different between benign and malignant RPM, which yielded a diagnostic accuracy and AUC of 91%, 0.977±0.024 (cut-off, 1.9 cm) and 87.9%, 0.865±0.072 (cut-off, 13 cm), respectively. In a subgroup without a fat component, only SUVmax was significantly different with an accuracy of 90.2% and AUC of 0.919±0.043. The optimal diagnostic flow by combining SUVmax and tumour size after dividing patients into two groups according to the presence of fat showed a sensitivity of 90.4%, a specificity of 95.5%, and an accuracy of 91.9%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of SUVmax and size according to the presence of a fat component may be the optimal PET/CT diagnostic criteria for distinguishing benign and malignant RPMs.

PMID:
30638733
DOI:
10.1016/j.crad.2018.12.010

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