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Sleep Breath. 2019 Jan 12. doi: 10.1007/s11325-018-1770-z. [Epub ahead of print]

Inducers of post-apneic blood pressure fluctuation monitored by pulse transfer time measurement in obstructive sleep apnea varied with syndrome severity.

Author information

1
Department of Respiratory, Huai'an First People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 6 Beijing Road West, Huai'an, 223300, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, China.
3
Department of Respiratory, Huai'an First People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 6 Beijing Road West, Huai'an, 223300, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. mzl0807@126.com.
4
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, China. zhangxilong1952@163.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study investigated the properties of blood pressure (BP) fluctuation and sympathovagal imbalance with the severity of OSAS.

METHODS:

Nocturnal BP was continuously monitored by polysomnography for mild (n = 33), moderate (n = 34), and severe (n = 37) OSAS patients. Apnea-related systolic BP elevation (△SBP) indicated the amplitude of BP fluctuation. The SBP index, number of △SBP > 10 mmHg/h of sleep, indicated the frequency of significant BP fluctuations. The low frequency/high frequency (LF/HF) ratios indicated heart rate variability and sympathovagal imbalance.

RESULTS:

△SBP and the SBP index were the highest in severe OSAS (12.9 ± 2.3 mmHg and 33.7 ± 14.7/h), followed by moderate OSAS (9.5 ± 2.6 mmHg and 7.1 ± 4.4/h), and mild OSAS (8.3 ± 1.6 mmHg and 3.4 ± 2.1/h). The LF/HF ratios in severe OSAS were significantly higher than that in moderate and mild OSAS. In mild OSAS, arousal played a more important role in BP fluctuation. In moderate OSAS, the oxygen desaturation index (ODI) and the SBP index were correlated. The difference in △SBP induced by hypoxia or by arousal was not significant. In severe OSAS, the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and LF/HF ratio were correlated with the SBP index, and △SBP was larger with hypoxia than arousal.

CONCLUSIONS:

BP fluctuation and sympathovagal imbalance were both related to obstructive sleep apnea severity. The influence of arousal and hypoxia on BP fluctuation varied with OSAS severity.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT02876471.

KEYWORDS:

Arousal; Blood pressure fluctuation; Hypoxia; Obstructive sleep apnea; Sympathovagal imbalance

PMID:
30637570
DOI:
10.1007/s11325-018-1770-z

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