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Blood. 2019 Apr 18;133(16):1703-1714. doi: 10.1182/blood-2018-11-881268. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

The 2018 update of the WHO-EORTC classification for primary cutaneous lymphomas.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
3
Kempf und Pfaltz Histologische Diagnostik and Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
4
Department of Dermatology, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.
5
Department of Pathology, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
6
Division of Hematopathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA; and.
7
Hematopathology Section, Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Abstract

Primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of T- and B-cell lymphomas that present in the skin with no evidence of extracutaneous disease at the time of diagnosis. The 2005 World Health Organization-European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC) consensus classification has served as a golden standard for the diagnosis and classification of these conditions. In September 2018, an updated version of the WHO-EORTC was published in the fourth edition of the WHO Classification of Skin Tumours Blue Book. In this classification, primary cutaneous acral CD8+ T-cell lymphoma and Epstein-Barr virus positive (EBV+) mucocutaneous ulcer are included as new provisional entities, and a new section on cutaneous forms of chronic active EBV disease has been added. The term "primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium T-cell lymphoma" was modified to "primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder" because of its indolent clinical behavior and uncertain malignant potential. Modifications have also been made in the sections on lymphomatoid papulosis, increasing the spectrum of histologic and genetic types, and primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphomas recognizing 2 different subtypes. Herein, the characteristic features of these new and modified entities as well as the results of recent molecular studies with diagnostic, prognostic, and/or therapeutic significance for the different types of primary cutaneous lymphomas are reviewed. An update of the frequency and survival of the different types of primary cutaneous lymphomas is provided.

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