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J Refract Surg. 2019 Jan 1;35(1):24-30. doi: 10.3928/1081597X-20181025-01.

Small Incision Lenticule Extraction for Hyperopia: 3-Month Refractive and Visual Outcomes.



To evaluate visual and refractive outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for hyperopia.


This prospective study of vertex-centered hyperopic SMILE used the VisuMax femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Inclusion criteria were maximum attempted hyperopic meridian of between +1.00 and +7.00 diopters (D) and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of 20/40 or better. Lenticule parameters were 6.3- to 6.7-mm diameter, 2-mm transition zone, 30-µm minimum thickness, and 120-µm cap thickness. Standard outcomes analysis was performed for the 3-month data, including contrast sensitivity using the Functional Vision Analyzer.


For 93 eyes treated, 3-month data were available for 82 (88%). Attempted spherical equivalent refraction was +5.62 ± 1.20 D (range: +1.00 to +6.90 D) and cylinder was -0.91 ± 0.68 D (range: 0.00 to -3.50 D). For eyes targeted for emmetropia (n = 36), uncorrected distance visual acuity was 20/40 or better in 89%. Spherical equivalent refraction relative to target was -0.17 ± 0.85 D (range: -2.20 to +3.00 D), with 59% within ±0.50 D and 76% within ±1.00 D. There was one line loss of CDVA in 17% of eyes, and one eye lost three lines (1.2%) but recovered to one line lost at 9 months. There was no clinically significant change in contrast sensitivity.


Refractive and visual outcomes 3 months after SMILE for hyperopia were promising, given the high degree of hyperopia corrected and relatively reduced CDVA in this population. Undercorrection of more than 1.00 D in 5 eyes might be partly explained by latent hyperopia in these young patients. [J Refract Surg. 2019;35(1):24-30.].

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