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Can J Aging. 2019 Jan 11:1-13. doi: 10.1017/S0714980818000612. [Epub ahead of print]

Development and Concurrent Validity of a Composite Social Isolation Index for Older Adults Using the CLSA.

Author information

1
Department of Gerontology and Gerontology Research Centre,Simon Fraser University,Vancouver.
2
Gerontology Research Centre,Simon Fraser University,Vancouver.
3
Departments of Gerontology and Sociology/Anthropology,Simon Fraser University,Vancouver.
4
Department of Community Health Sciences,Max Rady College of Medicine,University of Manitoba,Winnipeg.

Abstract

ABSTRACTSocial isolation, given its established association with mortality, and risk of poor physical and/or mental health over the life course, has attracted the attention of researchers. However, such measures have been highly variable and often lack conceptual clarity. This study, which drew on a conceptual framework for classifying social isolation measures, provides a rationale for the development and validation of a composite Social Isolation Index (SII) using the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA), together abbreviated as CLSA-SII. CLSA-SII was developed using standard methodology for developing other measures, including the multimorbidity resilience and successful aging indices. Associations of the CLSA-SII and four key outcome variables (life satisfaction scale, depression, perceived mental health, and perceived health) were performed using regression analyses. Associations between the CLSA-SII index and the four outcome variables resulted in statistically significant moderate associations in the expected direction, and are consistent with prior research, demonstrating good concurrent validity.

KEYWORDS:

CLSA; ELCV; Social Isolation Index; aging; concurrent validity; index d’isolement social; validité concurrente; vieillissement

PMID:
30632473
DOI:
10.1017/S0714980818000612

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