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Sci Rep. 2019 Jan 10;9(1):46. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37118-0.

Pangenome of Serratia marcescens strains from nosocomial and environmental origins reveals different populations and the links between them.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Bioproducción, Plataforma de Bioinsumos, INIA Uruguay, Ruta 48 Km 10, Canelones, Uruguay. eabreo@inia.org.uy.
2
Laboratorio de Bioproducción, Plataforma de Bioinsumos, INIA Uruguay, Ruta 48 Km 10, Canelones, Uruguay.

Abstract

Serratia marcescens is a Gram-negative bacterial species that can be found in a wide range of environments like soil, water and plant surfaces, while it is also known as an opportunistic human pathogen in hospitals and as a plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) in crops. We have used a pangenome-based approach, based on publicly available genomes, to apply whole genome multilocus sequence type schemes to assess whether there is an association between source and genotype, aiming at differentiating between isolates from nosocomial sources and the environment, and between strains reported as PGPR from other environmental strains. Most genomes from a nosocomial setting and environmental origin could be assigned to the proposed nosocomial or environmental MLSTs, which is indicative of an association between source and genotype. The fact that a few genomes from a nosocomial source showed an environmental MLST suggests that a minority of nosocomial strains have recently derived from the environment. PGPR strains were assigned to different environmental types and clades but only one clade comprised strains accumulating a low number of known virulence and antibiotic resistance determinants and was exclusively from environmental sources. This clade is envisaged as a group of promissory MLSTs for selecting prospective PGPR strains.

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