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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2019 Jan 11. doi: 10.1159/000496077. [Epub ahead of print]

Whole-Exome Sequencing Identifies a Novel Mutation (p.L320R) of Alpha-Actinin 2 in a Chinese Family with Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Ventricular Tachycardia.

Abstract

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a severe cardiovascular disease which can lead to heart failure and sudden cardiac death (SCD). The typical feature of DCM is left ventricular enlargement or dilatation. In some conditions, DCM and arrhythmia can occur concurrently, apparently promoting the prevalence of SCD. According to previous studies, mutations in more than 100 genes have been detected in DCM and/or arrhythmia patients. Here, we report a Chinese family with typical DCM, ventricular tachycardia, syncope, and SCD. Using whole-exome sequencing, a novel, likely pathogenic mutation (c.959T>G/p.L320R) of actinin alpha 2 (ACTN2) was identified in all affected family members. This novel mutation was also predicted to be disease-causing by MutationTaster, SIFT, and Polyphen-2. Our study not only expands the spectrum of ACTN2 mutations and contributes to the genetic diagnosis and counseling of the family, but also provides a new case with overlap phenotype that may be caused by the ACTN2 variant.

KEYWORDS:

<italic>ACTN2</italic>; Arrhythmia; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Novel mutation; Whole-exome sequencing

PMID:
30630173
DOI:
10.1159/000496077

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