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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2019 Mar 1;316(3):G338-G349. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00116.2018. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Histamine-mediated potentiation of transient receptor potential (TRP) ankyrin 1 and TRP vanilloid 4 signaling in submucosal neurons in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

Author information

1
Translational Research Center for Gastrointestinal Disorders, Department of Chronic Diseases, Metabolism and Ageing, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.
2
Laboratory of Ion Channel Research and Transient Receptor Potential Channel Research Platform, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.
3
Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie Center for Brain & Disease Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Belgium.
4
Department of Hepatology, University Hospital Leuven, and Department of Chronic Diseases, Metabolism and Ageing, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.
5
Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University , Kingston , Canada.

Abstract

Previously, we showed histamine-mediated sensitization of transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Sensitization of TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and TRP vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) are also involved in aberrant pain perception in preclinical models of somatic pain. Here, we hypothesize that in parallel with TRPV1, histamine sensitizes TRPA1 and TRPV4, contributing to increased visceral pain in patients with IBS. Rectal biopsies were collected from patients with IBS and healthy subjects (HS) to study neuronal sensitivity to TRPA1 and TRPV4 agonists (cinnamaldehyde and GSK1016790A) using intracellular Ca2+ imaging. In addition, the effect of supernatants of rectal biopsies on patients with IBS and HS was assessed on TRPA1 and TRPV4 responses in murine dorsal root ganglion (DRG) sensory neurons. Finally, we evaluated the role of histamine and histamine 1 receptor (H1R) in TRPA1 and TRPV4 sensitization. Application of TRPA1 and TRPV4 agonists evoked significantly higher peak amplitudes and percentage of responding submucosal neurons in biopsies of patients with IBS compared with HS. In HS, pretreatment with histamine significantly increased the Ca2+ responses to cinnamaldehyde and GSK1016790A, an effect prevented by H1R antagonism. IBS supernatants, but not of HS, sensitized TRPA1 and TRPV4 on DRG neurons. This effect was reproduced by histamine and prevented by H1R antagonism. We demonstrate that the mucosal microenvironment in IBS contains mediators, such as histamine, which sensitize TRPV4 and TRPA1 via H1R activation, most likely contributing to increased visceral pain perception in IBS. These data further underscore H1R antagonism as potential treatment for IBS. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We provide evidence for histamine-mediated transient receptor potential (TRP) ankyrin 1 and TRP vanilloid 4 sensitization in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) via histamine 1 receptor (H1R) activation, most likely contributing to increased visceral pain perception. Our results reveal a general role of sensory TRP channels as histamine effectors in the pathophysiology of IBS and provide novel mechanistic insights into the therapeutic potential of H1R antagonism in IBS.

KEYWORDS:

TRP channels; histamine 1 receptor; sensitization; visceral hypersensitivity

PMID:
30629470
DOI:
10.1152/ajpgi.00116.2018

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