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Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Jan 8;20(1). pii: E207. doi: 10.3390/ijms20010207.

OsMGT1 Confers Resistance to Magnesium Deficiency By Enhancing the Import of Mg in Rice.

Author information

1
Root Biology Center, College of Resources and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China. zld_93@163.com.
2
Root Biology Center, College of Resources and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China. pengyuyang2019@163.com.
3
Root Biology Center, College of Resources and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China. li123456jian@126.com.
4
College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China. txyacbb@163.com.
5
Root Biology Center, College of Resources and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China. zcchen@fafu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Magnesium (Mg) is an essential nutrient element for plant growth and plays an important role in numerous physiological and biochemical processes. Mg deficiency inhibits plant growth and has become a growing problem for crop productions in agriculture. However, the molecular mechanisms for the resistance to Mg deficiency in plants were not well understood. In this study, we identified a Mg transporter gene OsMGT1 that confers resistance to Mg deficiency in rice (Oryza sativa). The expression of OsMGT1 was highly induced by Mg deficiency in shoots. Investigation of tissue expression patterns revealed that OsMGT1 was mainly expressed in the phloem region; however, Mg deficiency remarkably enhanced its expression in xylem parenchyma and mesophyll cells in shoots. Knockout of OsMGT1 resulted in a significant reduction in Mg content and biomass when grown at Mg-limited conditions. Furthermore, the sensitivity to low-Mg in mutants was intensified by excessive calcium supply. In addition, overexpression of OsMGT1 increased Mg content and biomass under low-Mg supply. In conclusion, our results indicate that OsMGT1 plays an important role in rice Mg import and is required for the resistance to Mg deficiency, which can be utilized for molecular breeding of low-Mg tolerant plants.

KEYWORDS:

Mg deficiency; OsMGT1; rice; transporter

PMID:
30626062
PMCID:
PMC6337559
DOI:
10.3390/ijms20010207
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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