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Nanotechnology. 2019 Mar 29;30(13):134001. doi: 10.1088/1361-6528/aafcef. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Ti3C2T x MXene decorated with Sb nanoparticles as anodes material for sodium-ion batteries.

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College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihua University, Jilin, 132013, People's Republic of China.


A large family of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides, MXene, has demonstrated potential applications for electrochemical energy storage. 2D MXene sheets may buffer large volume changes and form a 3D conductive network to facilitate the electronic transfer of working electrodes. However, multilayer Ti3C2T x material could only deliver a moderate capacity in sodium ion battery cells, below the requirement of commercial applications. Herein, we decorated multilayer MXene (Ti3C2T x ) with Sb nanoparticles (NPs) via a facile solution-phase method, in which Sb NPs with a diameter of about 5-10 nm are absorbed on the surface of MXene layers by the electrostatic attraction action. The hybrid material Ti3C2T x @Sb-0.5 delivers a higher reversible capacity of 200 mA h g-1 at 0.1 A g-1 than that of pure Ti3C2T x (90 mA h g-1), and shows a much better capacity retention of nearly 98% after 500 cycles compared with Sb NPs. Also, it achieves superior rate performance (remaining a capacity of 127 mA h g-1 at 2 A g-1) and excellent long-term stability (a capacity retention of almost 92.3% after 8000 cycles). These results indicate that Ti3C2T x @Sb-0.5 possess a potential for high-performance sodium ion batteries anodes.


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