Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2019 Jan 9. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00513.2018. [Epub ahead of print]

TGF-β1 modifies histone acetylation and acetyl-coenzyme A metabolism in renal myofibroblasts.

Author information

Department of Nephrology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia.
Nephrology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia.


Histone acetylation is an important modulator of gene expression in fibrosis. This study examined the effect of the pre-eminent fibrogenic cytokine TGF-b1 on histone 3 (H3) acetylation and its regulatory kinetics in renal myofibroblasts. Fibroblasts propagated from rat kidneys after ureteric obstruction were treated with recombinant TGF-b1 or vehicle for 48 hours. TGF-b1 -induced myofibroblast activation was accompanied by a net decrease in total H3 acetylation, although changes in individual marks were variable. This was paralleled by a generalised reduction in histone acetyltransferases (HAT), and divergent changes in histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes at both transcript and protein levels. Globally this was manifest in a reduction in total HAT activity and increase in HDAC activity. TGF-b1 induced a shift in cellular metabolism from oxidative respiration to aerobic glycolysis resulting in reduced acetyl-CoA. The reduction in total H3 acetylation could be rescued by providing exogenous citrate or alternative sources of acetyl-CoA, without ameliorating changes in HAT/HDAC activity. In conclusion, TGF-b1 produces a metabolic reprogramming in renal fibroblasts, with less H3 acetylation through reduced acetylation, increased deacetylation and changes in carbon availability. Our results suggest that acetyl-CoA availability predominates over HAT and HDAC activity as a key determinant of H3 acetylation in response to TGF-b1.


Acetylation; Histone; Kidney; TGF-b1; fibroblast

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center