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Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2018 Dec 2;2018:7042105. doi: 10.1155/2018/7042105. eCollection 2018.

MicroRNA miR-24-3p Reduces Apoptosis and Regulates Keap1-Nrf2 Pathway in Mouse Cardiomyocytes Responding to Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
2
Department of Ophthalmology and Altman Clinical and Translational Research Institute, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
3
Westview High School, San Diego, CA, USA.
4
Department of Ophthalmology, Xijing Hospital, Xi'an, China.

Abstract

In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have received increasing attention for their role in ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/RI), and many miRNAs have been demonstrated to play a very important role in cardiac I/RI. The miRNA miR-24-3p is a tumor suppressor that regulates multiple tumors; however, it remains unclear whether the expression level of miR-24-3p is altered in cardiac cells under I/RI. In this study, we used mouse primary cardiomyocytes and the H9C2 cardiomyocyte cell line to perform in vitro stimulated ischemia/reperfusion (SI/R) and then detected miR-24-3p expression level using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). We discovered that the expression of miR-24-3p was significantly increased in cardiomyocytes following SI/R, and that the miR-24-3p level was inversely correlated to the ischemia marker HIF-1a. Furthermore, we transfected cardiomyocytes with miR-24-3p mimic or inhibitor to explore the role of miR-24-3p in cardiomyocyte ischemia/reperfusion injury in vitro. We performed flow cytometry to detect the apoptotic rate of H9C2 cardiomyocytes and found that the transfection of miR-24-3p mimic resulted in the decrease of the apoptosis rate of cardiomyocytes after SI/R, whereas the transfection of miR-24-3p inhibitor increased the number of apoptotic cardiomyocytes. These data suggest that the overexpression of miR-24-3p could reduce in vitro myocardial cell apoptosis induced by I/R injury. Finally, we applied the dual luciferase reporter gene system to verify whether miR-24-3p targets the Keap1 gene, and found that the luciferase signal intensity from a vector carrying the Keap1 wild-type reporter gene was significantly reduced after transfection with miR-24-3p mimic. The Keap1 protein level was also reduced following the transfection of miR-24-3p. The results from this study suggest a novel function of miR-24-3p in protecting cardiomyocytes from ischemia/reperfusion injury by the activation of the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway.

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