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Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2019 Jan 8. doi: 10.1038/s41574-018-0137-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Post-transplant diabetes mellitus in patients with solid organ transplants.

Author information

1
Department of Transplantation Medicine, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway. trond.jenssen@ous-hf.no.
2
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. trond.jenssen@ous-hf.no.
3
Department of Transplantation Medicine, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.
4
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Solid organ transplantation (SOT) is a life-saving procedure and an established treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. However, transplantation is also accompanied by associated cardiovascular risk factors, of which post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is one of the most important. PTDM develops in 10-20% of patients with kidney transplants and in 20-40% of patients who have undergone other SOT. PTDM increases mortality, which is best documented in patients who have received kidney and heart transplants. PTDM results from predisposing factors (similar to type 2 diabetes mellitus) but also as a result of specific post-transplant risk factors. Although PTDM has many characteristics in common with type 2 diabetes mellitus, the prevention and treatment of the two disorders are often different. Over the past 20 years, the lifespan of patients who have undergone SOT has increased, and PTDM becomes more common over the lifespan of these patients. Accordingly, PTDM becomes an important condition not only to be aware of but also to treat. This Review presents the current knowledge on PTDM in patients receiving kidney, heart, liver and lung transplants. This information is not only for transplant health providers but also for endocrinologists and others who will meet these patients in their clinics.

PMID:
30622369
DOI:
10.1038/s41574-018-0137-7

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