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Front Genet. 2018 Dec 18;9:675. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2018.00675. eCollection 2018.

Ras-Induced miR-146a and 193a Target Jmjd6 to Regulate Melanoma Progression.

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Cibio, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.
Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands.
Physiological Chemistry, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Valparaiso, Valparaíso, Chile.
Comprehensive Cancer Center, University Clinic Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
Hagler Institute for Advanced Study and Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States.


Ras genes are among the most commonly mutated genes in human cancer; yet our understanding of their oncogenic activity at the molecular mechanistic level is incomplete. To identify downstream events that mediate ras-induced cellular transformation in vivo, we analyzed global microRNA expression in three different models of Ras-induction and tumor formation in zebrafish. Six microRNAs were found increased in Ras-induced melanoma, glioma and in an inducible model of ubiquitous Ras expression. The upregulation of the microRNAs depended on the activation of the ERK and AKT pathways and to a lesser extent, on mTOR signaling. Two Ras-induced microRNAs (miR-146a and 193a) target Jmjd6, inducing downregulation of its mRNA and protein levels at the onset of Ras expression during melanoma development. However, at later stages of melanoma progression, jmjd6 levels were found elevated. The dynamic of Jmjd6 levels during progression of melanoma in the zebrafish model suggests that upregulation of the microRNAs targeting Jmjd6 may be part of an anti-cancer response. Indeed, triple transgenic fish engineered to express a microRNA-resistant Jmjd6 from the onset of melanoma have increased tumor burden, higher infiltration of leukocytes and shorter melanoma-free survival. Increased JMJD6 expression is found in several human cancers, including melanoma, suggesting that the up-regulation of Jmjd6 is a critical event in tumor progression. The following link has been created to allow review of record GSE37015:


Jmjd6; cancer models; melanoma; miR-146a; miR-193a; microRNA; ras; zebrafish

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