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Doc Ophthalmol. 2019 Feb;138(1):43-54. doi: 10.1007/s10633-018-09669-0. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Visual evoked cortical potential elicited by pseudoisochromatic stimulus.

Author information

1
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.
2
Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Universidade Federal do Pará, Av Generalíssimo Deodoro 92, Umarizal, Belém, Pará, 66055240, Brazil.
3
Universidade CEUMA, São Luiz, Maranhão, Brazil.
4
Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
5
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil. givagosouza@ufpa.br.
6
Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Universidade Federal do Pará, Av Generalíssimo Deodoro 92, Umarizal, Belém, Pará, 66055240, Brazil. givagosouza@ufpa.br.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Visual evoked cortical potentials (VECPs) are useful for investigating the mechanisms and dysfunctions of color vision. Chromatic sinusoidal gratings are generally used to elicit VECPs, but they require long psychophysical measurements to match the perceptual luminance between their stripes. An alternative method is to use pseudoisochromatic stimuli, which makes use of luminance noise to mask luminance clues and force the target perception to be dependent on chromatic contrast. In this study, we compared VECPs generated by sinusoidal gratings and pseudoisochromatic gratings. Contrary to chromatic sinusoidal gratings, pseudoisochromatic stimuli do not require the use of previous methods to find the equiluminance of the stimulus.

METHODS:

Normal trichromats were recruited to be tested with red-green chromatic sinusoidal gratings and pseudoisochromatic gratings presented by pattern onset-offset and pattern reversal modes in five spatial frequencies. In addition, we also tested four different chromatic contrast pairs in pattern onset-offset mode presentation in five trichromats and one colorblind subject (deuteranope).

RESULTS:

Pattern onset-offset VECPs elicited by sinusoidal gratings had a larger amplitude than those obtained with pseudoisochromatic stimuli, whereas pattern reversal VECPs elicited by pseudoisochromatic gratings had similar amplitudes compared to those elicited by sinusoidal gratings. We found no difference between the VECP amplitudes elicited by sinusoidal and pseudoisochromatic gratings containing different chromatic contrast. Color-blind subjects displayed absent or small responses to the stimuli.

CONCLUSION:

Pseudoisochromatic stimulus can be an alternative stimulus to generate VECPs dominated by the chromatic mechanism.

KEYWORDS:

Color; Luminance; Pseudoisochromatic stimulus; VECP; Visual cortex; Visual perception

PMID:
30617670
DOI:
10.1007/s10633-018-09669-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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