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Behav Med. 2019 Jan 7:1-9. doi: 10.1080/08964289.2018.1541863. [Epub ahead of print]

Cigarette Smoking and E-Cigarette Use by Pharmacy Students in Serbia.

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a Faculty of Medicine , University of Belgrade , Belgrade , Serbia.
b Institute of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine , University of Belgrade , Belgrade , Serbia.
c Faculty of Medicine , University of Nis , Nis , Serbia.
d Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences , University of Kragujevac , Kragujevac.


The purpose of this study was to assess the use of e-cigarettes among pharmacy students. In 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study among pharmacy students enrolled at the University of Kragujevac (Serbia). Overall, 47.0% of pharmacy students reported that they ever smoked cigarettes; 29.7% were former and 17.3% were current smokers. The overall prevalence of e-cigarette use was 9.9%. The final year pharmacy students significantly more frequently smoked tobacco cigarettes (p = .001) and used e-cigarettes (p = .009) compared to younger students. Also, alcohol use was positively related to ever smoking tobacco cigarettes (adjusted OR = 4.57, 95% CI = 2.80-7.43; p < .001) and to ever use of e-cigarettes (adjusted OR = 5.58, 95% CI = 1.58-19.71; p = .008). The pharmacy students who ever used e-cigarettes more frequently reported a history of self-funded study financing (adjusted OR = 14.68, 95% CI = 2.42-89.17; p = .004) and use of psychoactive substances (adjusted OR = 13.63, 95% CI = 2.52-73.69; p = .002). In pharmacy students, a higher overall grade was related to a significantly less frequent ever use of tobacco cigarettes (adjusted OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.22-0.84, p = .015). This paper highlights the need for a more effective tobacco control among pharmacy students in Serbia in order to reduce smoking prevalence.


Cross-sectional study; e-cigarettes; pharmacy students

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