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Int J Cancer. 2019 Jan 7. doi: 10.1002/ijc.32107. [Epub ahead of print]

Characterization of the Epithelial Membrane Protein 3 interaction network reveals a potential functional link to mitogenic signal transduction regulation.

Author information

1
Department of Neuropathology, Institute of Pathology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
2
Department of Neuropathology, Institute of Pathology, Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg, Germany.
3
German Consortium of Translational Cancer Research (DKTK), Clinical Cooperation Unit Neuropathology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Epithelial Membrane Protein 3 (EMP3), a 4-transmembrane glycoprotein, first gained attention as a putative tumor suppressor. Accumulating evidence, however, points to a more tumor promotive function of EMP3. The biological function of EMP3 is still largely unclear. To elucidate more of EMP3's interaction network, we performed a Yeast-Two-Hybrid (Y2H) screening, followed by validation of candidate interactors by Biomolecular Fluorescence Complementation (BiFC) and Proximity Ligation Assay (PLA). Furthermore, we generated stable EMP3 knockdown cell lines and measured cell proliferation, migration and sensitivity to apoptosis induction as well as the expression and activation levels of important signal pathway components. The Y2H screening yielded ten novel interactions of EMP3, eight of which could also be detected by BiFC and PLA interaction assays. All newly discovered interaction partners are involved in signaling or trafficking regulation. Most notably, FLOT1 and HTATIP2 have well described roles in the regulation of EGFR signaling. In addition, knockdown of EMP3 resulted in reduced levels of p-AKT, p-ERK and p-EGFR, attenuated cell proliferation and migration and sensitized cells to apoptosis induction by TRAIL and Staurosporine. Based on these observations we hypothesize that EMP3 might be involved in the regulation of receptor-tyrosine-kinase mediated mitogenic signaling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

BiFC; EMP3; Epithelial Membrane Protein 3; FLOT1; HTATIP2; PLA

PMID:
30614533
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.32107

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