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Res Dev Disabil. 2019 Mar;86:1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.12.008.

Emotion recognition from body movement and gesture in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder is improved by situational cues.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, UK. Electronic address: dale.r.metcalfe@northumbria.ac.uk.
2
Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Research shows people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have poorer emotion recognition (ER) compared to their typically developing (TD) peers. However, it is not known whether this is the case when stimuli are limited to gesture and posture, and lack facial expressions.

METHOD:

Fifty-four children with (n = 27) and without (n = 27) ASD, matched on age and gender, completed an ER task, that used dynamic stimuli. Processing style bias, Autistic-like-traits and empathy were also measured. With ER as the outcome variable, a multilevel logistic model was created.

RESULTS:

Children with ASD were found to be significantly less accurate in identifying emotions, compared to the control group. Presence of situational cues aided both groups. Autistic-like-traits and empathy were found to correlate too highly with the diagnosed condition to use in the multilevel model. Processing style did not significantly impact ER ability.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study supports previous research which finds ER ability in people with ASD to be poorer than that of TD peers and that situational cues can aid ER ability. Importantly, the latter is true for people with ASD. The implication of these findings are programmes that aim to improve ER should consider using cues. Limitations of the study are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Autism Spectrum Disorder; Emotion recognition; Processing style; Situational cues

PMID:
30614445
DOI:
10.1016/j.ridd.2018.12.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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