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JBRA Assist Reprod. 2019 Jan 7. doi: 10.5935/1518-0557.20180076. [Epub ahead of print]

Preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic diseases: a Brazilian IVF centre experience.

Author information

1
Fertility - Medical Group, São Paulo, SP - Brazil.
2
Instituto Sapientiae - Centro de Estudos e Pesquisa em Reprodução Humana Assistida, São Paulo, SP - Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the cases of preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic diseases (PGT-M) in fertile couples who had undergone intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in a Brazilian in vitro fertilisation (IVF) centre and determine whether these cases were different from those reported from the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE).

METHODS:

This retrospective collection included data obtained from ICSI-PGT-M cycles between 2011 and 2016. The disease indication, number of biopsied embryos, biopsy stage, diagnosed and affected embryos, and cycles with embryo to transfer as well as implantation, pregnancy and miscarriage rates were analysed and compared to cycles without genetic diagnosis (PGT) and with ESHRE PGD Consortium collection XIV-XV.

RESULTS:

From 5,070 cycles performed, 72 had indications for PGT-M. The most common time for biopsy was cleavage-stage; 93% of the embryos had a diagnostic result, 59.4% of which were genetically transferable, resulting in 68% of the cycles with transferred embryos, a 22.1% implantation rate, and a 28.6% pregnancy rate. No differences in clinical outcomes of cycles with PGT-M or without PGT were observed. The day of biopsy and diagnostic success as well as implantation, pregnancy and miscarriage rates were similar to ESHRE collection.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the proportion of cases with PGT-M was low, its efficacy was similar to what was reported in the European collection and represents a viable alternative for families at risk of transmitting a genetic disorder to their offspring. The main difference between our and ESHRE collection were the disease indications, which reflected the admixed, multi-ethnic Brazilian population.

KEYWORDS:

biopsy; in vitro fertilisation (IVF); intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI); monogenic diseases; preimplantation genetic testing (PGT)

PMID:
30614237
DOI:
10.5935/1518-0557.20180076
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