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Open Access J Sports Med. 2018 Dec 24;10:1-10. doi: 10.2147/OAJSM.S155077. eCollection 2019.

Management of osteitis pubis in athletes: rehabilitation and return to training - a review of the most recent literature.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Hip Surgery Center, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Milano, Italy.
2
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
3
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Tor Vergata Hospital, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy, olivafrancesco@hotmail.com.
4
Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.
5
Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Mile End Hospital, London, England.

Abstract

Osteitis pubis is a common cause of chronic groin pain, especially in athletes. Although a precise etiology is not defined, it seems to be related to muscular imbalance and pelvic instability. Diagnosis is based on detailed history, clinical evaluation, and imaging, which are crucial for a correct diagnosis and proper management. Many different therapeutic approaches have been proposed for osteitis pubis; conservative treatment represents the first-line approach and provides good results in most patients, especially if based on an individualized multimodal rehabilitative management. Different surgical options have been also described, but they should be reserved to recalcitrant cases. In this review, a critical analysis of the literature about athletic osteitis pubis is performed, especially focusing on its diagnostic and therapeutic management.

KEYWORDS:

groin pain; osteitis pubis; pubalgia; rehabilitation; review

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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