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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2019 May;42(3):373-382. doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2018.12.007. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Nodule bacteria from the cultured legume Phaseolus dumosus (belonging to the Phaseolus vulgaris cross-inoculation group) with common tropici phenotypic characteristics and symbiovar but distinctive phylogenomic position and chromid.

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Centro de Ciencias Genómicas, UNAM, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.
Laboratorio de Ecología Microbiana y Biotecnología, Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Peru.
Microbiomics Laboratory, ENES, UNAM, Morelia, Mexico.
Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico.
Centro de Investigaciones Gestálticas (CESIGUE), Mexico.
Ecología Funcional, Instituto de Ecología, Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.
Centro de Ciencias Genómicas, UNAM, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. Electronic address:


Phaseolus dumosus is an endemic species from mountain tops in Mexico that was found in traditional agriculture areas in Veracruz, Mexico. P. dumosus plants were identified by ITS sequences and their nodules were collected from agricultural fields or from trap plant experiments in the laboratory. Bacteria from P. dumosus nodules were identified as belonging to the phaseoli-etli-leguminosarum (PEL) or to the tropici group by 16S rRNA gene sequences. We obtained complete closed genomes from two P. dumosus isolates CCGE531 and CCGE532 that were phylogenetically placed within the tropici group but with a distinctive phylogenomic position and low average nucleotide identity (ANI). CCGE531 and CCGE532 had common phenotypic characteristics with tropici type B rhizobial symbionts. Genome synteny analysis and ANI showed that P. dumosus isolates had different chromids and our analysis suggests that chromids have independently evolved in different lineages of the Rhizobium genus. Finally, we considered that P. dumosus and Phaseolus vulgaris plants belong to the same cross-inoculation group since they have conserved symbiotic affinites for rhizobia.


Chromid; Legume nodules; Nitrogen fixation; Phaseolus; Rhizobium evolution; Symbiosis

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