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Brain Imaging Behav. 2019 Jan 5. doi: 10.1007/s11682-018-0032-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Aberrant cerebellar neural activity and cerebro-cerebellar functional connectivity involving executive dysfunction in schizophrenia with primary negative symptoms.

Author information

1
Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu, China.
2
Department I of Geriatric Psychiatry, Shanghai Changning Mental Health Center, Shanghai, 200335, China.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Wutaishan Hospital of Yangzhou, Yangzhou, 225003, Jiangsu Province, China.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Huai'an No. 3 People's Hospital, Huai'an, 223001, Jiangsu, China.
5
Medical Psychological Institute of the Second Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, 410011, Hunan, China.
6
Department of Radiology, Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu province, Yangzhou, 225001, Jiangsu, China.
7
Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu, China. drxrz@hotmail.com.
8
Department of Psychiatry, Wutaishan Hospital of Yangzhou, Yangzhou, 225003, Jiangsu Province, China. zhangxiaobin@163.com.

Abstract

Deficit schizophrenia (DS) is a distinct subtype of schizophrenia characterized by primary and enduring negative symptoms. More severe executive dysfunctions were observed in DS patients, however, the associated neuroimaging characteristics, especially cerebellar functional anomalies in DS, remain largely unknown. We employed resting-state functional and structural MRI data of 106 male participants, including data from 29 DS patients, 39 non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) patients and 38 healthy controls (HCs). Z-standardized fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (zfALFF) values were calculated in order to examine spontaneous regional brain activity. Cerebro-cerebellar functional connectivity and changes in the volume of gray matter in the cerebellum were also examined. Relative to the HCs, both DS and NDS patients exhibited decreased zfALFF in the bilateral cerebellar lobules VIII and IX. The zfALFF in the left Crus II was lower in DS patients compared to NDS patients. No significant difference was observed in the volume of cerebellar gray matter among the three groups. Compared with NDS patients, cerebro-cerebellar functional connectivity analysis revealed increased connectivity in the left orbital medial frontal cortex and right putamen regions in DS patients. Reduced zfALFF in the left Crus II in the DS group was significantly positively correlated with Stroop Color and Word scores, while negatively correlated with Trail-Making Test part B scores. The increased functional connectivity in the right putamen in DS patients was significantly positively correlated with Animal Naming Test and semantic Verbal Fluency Test scores. These results highlight cerebellar functional abnormality in DS patients and provide insight into the pathophysiological mechanism of executive dysfunction.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebellum; Cerebro-cerebellar circuit; Deficit schizophrenia; Executive function; Resting-state fMRI

PMID:
30612342
DOI:
10.1007/s11682-018-0032-9

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