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Arch Womens Ment Health. 2019 Jan 5. doi: 10.1007/s00737-018-0937-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Disordered personality traits and psychiatric morbidity in pregnancy: a population-based study.

Author information

1
Brighton and Sussex Medical School, BSMS Teaching Building, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9PX, UK.
2
Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at King's College London, Section of Women's Mental Health, Health Service and Population Research Department, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK. emma.molyneaux@kcl.ac.uk.
3
Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at King's College London, Section of Women's Mental Health, Health Service and Population Research Department, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.
4
Centre for Academic Mental Health, Department of Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 2BN, UK.

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the characteristics and mental health status of pregnant women with disordered personality traits. A cross-sectional study of a stratified sample of 545 women attending antenatal booking at a South London maternity service was conducted. Disordered personality traits were assessed using the Standardised Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS). Mental disorders were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview DSM-IV (SCID). Logistic regression was used to model associations, adjusting for confounders. Complete SAPAS data were collected for over 99% of women (n = 541). The weighted prevalence of elevated disordered personality traits (SAPAS ≥ 3) was 16.2% (95% CI 12.6-20.5). Women with elevated disordered personality traits were younger, less likely to live alone and more likely to report living in insecure accommodation. Among women with elevated disordered personality traits, the most common mental disorders were anxiety disorders (31.4%) and depressive disorders (17.6%). Each extra item endorsed on the SAPAS was associated with an 82% higher odds of meeting criteria for an Axis I mental disorder (adjusted OR 1.82 (1.42-2.33); p < 0.001). Women with elevated disordered personality traits were at significantly increased risk of experiencing thoughts of self-harm (adjusted OR 2.12 (1.33-3.40); p = 0.002). Pregnant women with disordered personality traits are a particularly vulnerable population, with multiple psychosocial problems that are likely to require tailored support to ameliorate future health risks for mother and baby.

KEYWORDS:

Perinatal mental health; Personality disorder; Pregnancy; Self-harm

PMID:
30612198
DOI:
10.1007/s00737-018-0937-8

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