Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Virus Res. 2019 Jan 3;263:55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2018.12.019. [Epub ahead of print]

The untranslated regions of EV-A71 contribute to its pathogenicity and virulence.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiological Laboratory Technology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012 Shandong Province, China.
2
Department of Microbiological Laboratory Technology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012 Shandong Province, China; Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases (Key Laboratory of China's "13th Five-Year", Shandong University), China.
3
Department of Microbiological Laboratory Technology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012 Shandong Province, China; Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases (Key Laboratory of China's "13th Five-Year", Shandong University), China. Electronic address: wenhongling@sdu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is known for its manifestation as hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD), which has caused countless large-scale epidemic outbreaks throughout the world. However, the molecular pathogenesis of EV-A71 infection is still elusive. Previous studies found that the biological characteristics of a mild EV-A71 strain (SDLY1) and a severe EV-A71 strain (SDLY107) are significantly different, and sequence analysis showed that there are several differences in nucleotide sites of UTRs (88 nt, 123 nt, 143 nt, 154 nt, 187 nt, 241 nt, 243 nt, 253 nt, 291 nt, 438 nt, 440 nt, 571 nt, 579 nt, 602 nt, 658 nt, 664 nt, 690 nt, 696 nt, 7328 nt, 7335 nt, 7367 nt, and 7395 nt). The aim of this study was to determine whether these amino sites in UTRs are associated with the pathogenesis of EV-A71 and are responsible for different clinical manifestations. Based on the reverse genetics technology, we rescued two chimeric viruses SDLY107(1-5'UTR) and SDLY107(1-3'UTR) by replacing 5'UTR/3'UTR gene fragments of an infectious cDNA clone. Replication kinetics and cytotoxicity assays showed that the virulence of the two chimeric strains significantly changed in vitro. The viral loads of the two chimeric strains in infected ICR mice were reduced and pathological damage in the brains, lungs, intestinal tissues, and muscles were lightened. Our findings suggest that some nucleotide sites in UTRs may have a function in the pathogenicity and virulence of EV-A71.

KEYWORDS:

Enterovirus A71; Pathogenicity; Replication capacity; Untranslated regions

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center