Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Metabolites. 2019 Jan 2;9(1). pii: E8. doi: 10.3390/metabo9010008.

Untargeted Metabolomics Reveal Defensome-Related Metabolic Reprogramming in Sorghum bicolor against Infection by Burkholderia andropogonis.

Author information

1
Centre for Plant Metabolomics Research, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. charitymareya25@gmail.com.
2
Centre for Plant Metabolomics Research, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. fideletu@gmail.com.
3
Centre for Plant Metabolomics Research, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. lpiater@uj.ac.za.
4
Centre for Plant Metabolomics Research, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. ntaka.madala@univen.ac.za.
5
Centre for Plant Metabolomics Research, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. psteenkamp@uj.ac.za.
6
Centre for Plant Metabolomics Research, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. idubery@uj.ac.za.

Abstract

Burkholderia andropogonis is the causal agent of bacterial leaf stripe, one of the three major bacterial diseases affecting Sorghum bicolor. However, the biochemical aspects of the pathophysiological host responses are not well understood. An untargeted metabolomics approach was designed to understand molecular mechanisms underlying S. bicolorB. andropogonis interactions. At the 4-leaf stage, two sorghum cultivars (NS 5511 and NS 5655) differing in disease tolerance, were infected with B. andropogonis and the metabolic changes monitored over time. The NS 5511 cultivar displayed delayed signs of wilting and lesion progression compared to the NS 5655 cultivar, indicative of enhanced resistance. The metabolomics results identified statistically significant metabolites as biomarkers associated with the sorghum defence. These include the phytohormones salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, and zeatin. Moreover, metabolic reprogramming in an array of chemically diverse metabolites that span a wide range of metabolic pathways was associated with the defence response. Signatory biomarkers included aromatic amino acids, shikimic acid, metabolites from the phenylpropanoid and flavonoid pathways, as well as fatty acids. Enhanced synthesis and accumulation of apigenin and derivatives thereof was a prominent feature of the altered metabolomes. The analyses revealed an intricate and dynamic network of the sorghum defence arsenal towards B. andropogonis in establishing an enhanced defensive capacity in support of resistance and disease suppression. The results pave the way for future analysis of the biosynthesis of signatory biomarkers and regulation of relevant metabolic pathways in sorghum.

KEYWORDS:

Burkholderia andropogonis; Sorghum bicolor; defence; flavonoids; metabolomics; phytoalexins; phytochemicals; phytohormones

PMID:
30609758
DOI:
10.3390/metabo9010008
Free full text

Conflict of interest statement

Data Availability: The study design information, LC-MS raw data, analyses and data processing information, and the meta-data are being deposited to the EMBL-EBI metabolomics repository—MetaboLights50, with the identifier MTBLSxyz (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/metabolights/MTBLS817).

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Loading ...
Support Center