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Nutrients. 2019 Jan 2;11(1). pii: E73. doi: 10.3390/nu11010073.

Elemental Metabolomics and Pregnancy Outcomes.

Author information

1
School of Medical Science, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Southport 9726, Queensland, Australia. d.mckeating@griffith.edu.au.
2
School of Medical Science, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Southport 9726, Queensland, Australia. josh.fisher@griffith.edu.au.
3
School of Medical Science, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Southport 9726, Queensland, Australia. A.Perkins@griffith.edu.au.

Abstract

Trace elements are important for human health and development. The body requires specific micronutrients to function, with aberrant changes associated with a variety of negative health outcomes. Despite this evidence, the status and function of micronutrients during pregnancy are relatively unknown and more information is required to ensure that women receive optimal intakes for foetal development. Changes in trace element status have been associated with pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pre-eclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and preterm birth. Measuring micronutrients with methodologies such as elemental metabolomics, which involves the simultaneous quantification and characterisation of multiple elements, could provide insight into gestational disorders. Identifying unique and subtle micronutrient changes may highlight associated proteins that are affected underpinning the pathophysiology of these complications, leading to new means of disease diagnosis. This review will provide a comprehensive summary of micronutrient status during pregnancy, and their associations with gestational disorders. Furthermore, it will also comment on the potential use of elemental metabolomics as a technique for disease characterisation and prediction.

KEYWORDS:

elemental metabolomics; micronutrition; pregnancy; trace elements

PMID:
30609706
DOI:
10.3390/nu11010073
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