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Thromb Haemost. 2019 Feb;119(2):264-273. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1676795. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Influence of Amlodipine on Haemostatic Measurements during Clopidogrel Treatment in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Republic of Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Republic of Korea.
Inova Center for Thrombosis Research and Drug Development, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Fairfax, Virginia, United States.
Institute of the Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Republic of Korea.


Amlodipine has a potential to reduce clopidogrel bioactivation through the cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme in vivo, but the clinical impact of this interaction remains controversial. This randomized, open-label, two-period, crossover study was performed to evaluate the influence of amlodipine on the haemostatic profiles of high-risk patients during clopidogrel treatment. We recruited 40 Asian patients (Male/Female: n = 36/4) receiving clopidogrel (75 mg/day), aspirin (100 mg/day) and rosuvastatin for at least 6 months following percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either 5 mg daily amlodipine or not for 2 weeks, and then were crossed over to the other treatment for 2 weeks. Haemostatic measurements were conducted with the VerifyNow assay and thromboelastography (TEG). Primary endpoint was P2Y12 Reaction Units (PRU) during on- versus off-amlodipine treatment. The on-amlodipine strategy showed higher level of PRU compared with the off-amlodipine strategy (176.8 ± 75.4 vs. 150.7 ± 65.5 PRU; ∆mean: 26.1 PRU; ∆95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.5-47.7 PRU; p = 0.019). Platelet-fibrin clot strength measured by TEG was lower during on- versus off-amlodipine treatment (7,712 ± 1,889 vs. 8,559 ± 2,174 dyne/cm2; ∆mean: -847 dyne/cm2; ∆95% CI: -1,632 to -62 dyne/cm2; p = 0.035). After amlodipine discontinuation, 27 patients (67.5%) showed a decrease in PRU, which was associated with 'PRU ≥ 160 on-amlodipine' in multivariate analysis (odds ratio: 62.014; 95% CI: 2.302-1670.328; p = 0.014). In conclusion, amlodipine increases platelet reactivity and decreases platelet-fibrin clot strength during clopidogrel treatment. In addition, the effect of amlodipine discontinuation on clopidogrel responsiveness is associated with on-amlodipine platelet reactivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Conflict of interest statement

Dr. Jeong has received honoraria for lectures from AstraZeneca, Sanofi-Aventis, Daiichi Sankyo/Lilly, Haemonetics, Otsuka, Han-mi Pharmaceuticals and Yuhan Pharmaceuticals; and research grants or support from AstraZeneca, Korean Society of Interventional Cardiology, Han-mi Pharmaceuticals, Daewoong Pharmaceuticals and Haemonetics. Dr. Gurbel reports serving as a consultant/receiving honoraria from Bayer, Merck, Janssen, Medicure and US WorldMeds and receiving grants from the National Institutes of Health, Janssen, Merck, Amgen, Medicure, Bayer, Instrumentation Labs, Haemonetics and Idorsia. Dr. Gurbel also has patents in the field of platelet function testing. The other authors report no conflicts of interest.

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