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Dalton Trans. 2019 Jan 22;48(4):1314-1321. doi: 10.1039/c8dt04720k.

A fleeting glimpse of the dual roles of SiB4 in promoting the hydrogen storage performance of LiBH4.

Author information

1
School of Materials and Energy, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510006, China. mewtcai@gdut.edu.cn.

Abstract

In this study, the positive effects and dual roles of SiB4 on the dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation performance of the LiBH4-SiB4 system are reported. Characterizations were performed through temperature programmed desorption mass spectrometry (TPD-MS), isothermal kinetics measurements, and XRD and FTIR analyses. For the hydrogen desorption from LiBH4, SiB4 played the role of a catalyst to kinetically facilitate the structural destabilization of LiBH4 and its intermediate phase Li2B12H12. Accordingly, a dehydrogenation capacity of 2.24 at. H/f.u. LiBH4 (close to 10.3 wt% H) was attained at a relative temperature of 350 °C. For hydrogen absorption to generate LiBH4, SiB4 was unexpectedly found to act as a reactant to thermodynamically improve the rehydrogenation process by reacting with LiH under moderate conditions of 10 MPa H2 and 400 °C, and a superior reversible capacity of 2.16 at. H/f.u. LiBH4 was achieved. These experimental results remind us to take into account the explicit role(s) of the employed components during the dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation reactions when designing a desirable LiBH4-based system.

PMID:
30608089
DOI:
10.1039/c8dt04720k

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