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Chem Soc Rev. 2019 Feb 4;48(3):908-936. doi: 10.1039/c8cs00773j.

Graphdiyne: synthesis, properties, and applications.

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Center for Nanochemistry, Beijing Science and Engineering Center for Nanocarbons, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China.


Graphdiyne (GDY), a new two-dimensional (2D) carbon allotrope, has been receiving increased attention. Its unique sp-sp2 carbon atoms, uniform pores, and highly π-conjugated structure provide promising potential in practical applications, such as gas separation, catalysis, water remediation, humidity sensor, and energy-related fields. In the recent years, considerable efforts have been expended toward the development of well-defined GDY. However, GDY materials still face numerous challenges, including the need for a more thorough understanding of the growth mechanism, strategies for synthesizing one- or few-layer single-crystalline GDY films, characterization of basic physicochemical properties, and achievement of promising applications. This review aims at providing a comprehensive update on the synthesis of GDY and GDY-based materials, as well as their properties, including structural, electronic, mechanical, and spectral properties, and their applications in nanotechnology.


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