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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Jan 3:1-6. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2018.1555808. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of cord blood bisphenol A (BPA) with cord blood adiponectin, leptin, fetal growth; adiposity and neoantal complications in a newborn cohort.

Author information

1
a Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine , Near East University , Nicosia , Cyprus.
2
b Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine , Near East University , Nicosia , Cyprus.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the relation between cord blood bisphenol A (BPA), leptin, adiponectin, birth weight, height, skin thickness, and postnatal results.

METHOD:

This study was performed in near East University Medical Faculty, Nicosia, Cyprus with 150 healthy newborns. Cord blood leptin, adiponectin, BPA levels were measured by ELISA and birth weight, heights and back, waist, and arm skin thickness were measured and postnatal problems noted.

RESULTS:

One hundred eighty-seven newborns were included in the study. Mean ± SD of BPA, adiponectin, leptin levels were 48.3 ± 2.22 ng/mL, 65.60 ± 15.29 µg/mL and 3.08 ± 2.08 ng/mL. Mean birth weight, height, head circumferences were 3156.76 ± 493.45 g, 48.28 ± 2.04 cm, 34.14 ± 1.74 cm. The association anthropometric measurements, BPA, leptin, and adiponectin levels were not statistically significant (p>.05). The relation between cord blood leptin, adiponectin, and BPA levels and small for gestation, large for gestation and average for gestation groups were not significant (p>.05). Moreover, relation between back, waist and arm skin thickness and BPA, leptin, and adiponectin were not statistically significant (p>.05). However, newborns who were hospitalized and had newborn jaundice had higher BPA levels (p<.05).

CONCLUSION:

In previous studies, higher BPA levels were associated with small for gestational age (SGA) birth, however, this relation was not noted in our study. Furthermore, there is no relation between skin thickness, BPA, leptin, and adiponectin. This difference may be as a result of higher cord BPA levels compared with previous studies.

KEYWORDS:

Adiponectin; adiposity; bisphenol A; cord blood; fetal growth; leptin

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