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Virus Res. 2018 Dec 31;263:34-46. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2018.12.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Integrated analysis of microRNA-mRNA expression in A549 cells infected with influenza A viruses (IAVs) from different host species.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Preclinical Medicine, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, China.
2
Department of Microbiology, School of Preclinical Medicine, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, China. Electronic address: fanxiaohui63@163.com.

Abstract

Although several miRNAs have been demonstrated to be involved in the influenza virus replication cycle, the identification of miRNAs and mRNAs that are expressed in A549 cells infected with influenza A viruses (IAVs) from different host species has remained poorly studied. To investigate the molecular mechanisms associated with the differential expression of miRNAs during influenza A virus infection, we performed global miRNA and mRNA expression profiling in A549 cells infected with human-origin seasonal influenza A virus H3N2 (Human_Br07), swine-origin influenza A virus H1N1 (SW_3861) or avian-origin influenza A virus H3N2 (AVI_9990). The miRNA and mRNA expression profiles were obtained by microarray and high-throughput sequencing analyses, respectively. The integrated analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was performed using bioinformatics tools, and the expression of miRNAs and mRNAs was validated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). We identified 20 miRNAs (6 upregulated and 14 downregulated) and 1286 mRNAs (935 upregulated and 351 downregulated) exhibiting the same differential expression trends in three infected groups of cells compared with an uninfected control. An integrated analysis of these expression profiles identified 79 miRNA-mRNA pairs associated with the influenza A reference pathway, and 107 miRNA-mRNA interactions were correlated with the defense of the virus. Additionally, the obtained results were supported by an RT-qPCR analysis of 8 differentially expressed miRNAs (hsa-miR-210-3p, hsa-miR-296-5p, hsa-miR-371a-5p, hsa-miR-762, hsa-miR-937-5p, hsa-miR-1915-3p, hsa-miR-3665, and hsa-miR-1290) and 13 differentially expressed mRNAs (IFNL1, CXCL10, RSAD2, MX1, OAS2, IFIT2, IFI44 L, MX2, XAF1, NDRG1, FGA, EGLN3, and TFRC). Our findings indicate that dysregulated miRNA expression plays a crucial role in infection caused by IAVs originating from different species and provide a foundation for further investigations of the molecular regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs involved in influenza A virus infection.

KEYWORDS:

Different host species; High-throughput sequencing; Influenza A; MicroRNAs; Microarray; mRNA

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