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ACS Nano. 2019 Jan 22;13(1):922-929. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.8b09689. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Manipulating the Topology of Nanoscale Skyrmion Bubbles by Spatially Geometric Confinement.

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Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100190 , China.
Physical Science and Engineering , King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) , Thuwal 23955-6900 , Saudi Arabia.
School of Materials Science and Engineering , Nanjing University of Science and Technology , Nanjing 210094 , China.


The discovery of magnetic skyrmion bubbles in centrosymmetric magnets has been receiving increasing interest from the research community, due to the fascinating physics of topological spin textures and its possible applications to spintronics. However, key challenges remain, such as how to manipulate the nucleation of skyrmion bubbles to exclude the trivial bubbles or metastable skyrmion bubbles that usually coexist with skyrmion bubbles in the centrosymmetric magnets. Here, we report having performed this task by applying spatially geometric confinement to a centrosymmetric frustrated Fe3Sn2 magnet. We demonstrate that the spatially geometric confinement can indeed stabilize the skyrmion bubbles by effectively suppressing the formation of trivial bubbles and metastable skyrmion bubbles. We also show that the critical magnetic field for the nucleation of the skyrmion bubbles in the confined Fe3Sn2 nanostripes is drastically less, by an order of magnitude, than that required in the thin plate without geometrical confinement. By analyzing how the width and thickness of the nanostripes affect the spin textures of skyrmion bubbles, we infer that the topological transition of skyrmion bubbles is closely related to the dipole-dipole interaction, which we find is consistent with theoretical simulations. The results presented here bring us closer to achieving the fabrication of skyrmion-based racetrack memory devices.


Fe3Sn2; Lorentz transmission electron microscopy; centrosymmetric magnet; skyrmion bubbles; spatially geometrical confinement


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