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Indian J Cancer. 2018 Apr-Jun;55(2):138-143. doi: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_552_17.

Treatment practices for metastatic pancreatic cancer: Can we deliver an appropriately efficacious and safe regimen in Indian patients?

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
2
Department of Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The median overall survival (mOS) in metastatic pancreatic cancers (PCs) hovers between 6 months to 11 months.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study is a retrospective analysis of metastatic PC patients who were evaluated from August 2013 to August 2016 in the Department of Gastrointestinal (GI) Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital (TMH).

RESULTS:

Out of 218 patients, 24 patients (11%) were not planned for chemotherapy and referred to the Department of Palliative Care for further supportive care. One hundred and fifty-three patients received palliative chemotherapy in TMH with median age of 56 years (range: 23-79), male (60.1%), and nonresident in Maharashtra (60.1%). Regimens used most commonly were gemcitabine-nab-paclitaxel in 60 patients (39.2%), gemcitabine-erlotinib in 25 patients (16.3%), and modified FOLFIRINOX in 21 patients (13.7%). A total of 58 patients (43%; n = 135) had Grade 3/4 toxicities. As of cutoff date for the analysis of outcomes, 139 patients (90.8%) patients had ceased first-line chemotherapy, due to radiologically proven progressive disease (PD) in 89 patients (64%), repeated Grades 3 and 4 adverse events in 26 patients (18.7%), and clinically PD in 18 patients (12.9%). With a median follow-up of 278 days, the mOS was 217 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 175-258), and the median event-free survival was 125 days (95% CI: 107-122).

CONCLUSION:

Dose modifications for chemotherapy are required commonly when treating metastatic PC, with common reasons for dose reduction being toxicities, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status >=2, and low albumin levels. Studies evaluating logistic and financial aspects of treating metastatic PC with chemotherapy in India are warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Chemotherapy; Indian patients; dose modification; metastatic pancreas

PMID:
30604724
DOI:
10.4103/ijc.IJC_552_17
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