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Int Urol Nephrol. 2019 Mar;51(3):467-473. doi: 10.1007/s11255-018-2051-2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Comparison of renoprotective effects of febuxostat and allopurinol in hyperuricemic patients with chronic kidney disease.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, South Korea.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, South Korea. lkh24217@hanmail.net.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study aimed to compare the renoprotective effect between febuxostat and allopurinol in hyperuricemic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), about which limited data are available.

METHODS:

141 patients with stage 3 CKD and hyperuricemia were followed from June 2005 to April 2018. Thirty patients received febuxostat, 40 allopurinol and 71 conventional CKD management only (control group). We compared the mean serum uric acid levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) changes over time and renal survival time free from predefined renal disease progression among these 3 groups.

RESULTS:

Overall, mean age was 62.6 ± 13.3 years, baseline eGFR 42.1 ± 8.8 mL/min/1.73 m2, and serum uric acid 8.6 ± 1.5 mg/dL without intergroup difference. During the observation period (55.9 ± 31.8 months), febuxostat group, compared to both allopurinol and control group, had significantly lower mean serum uric acid levels (5.7 ± 1.0 vs. 7.1 ± 1.2 vs. 8.0 ± 0.8 mg/dL, p < 0.001) and maintained significantly higher mean eGFR values consistently for 4 years. Febuxostat group had significantly longer renal survival time free from renal disease progression than allopurinol and control group (87.7 (95% CI 71.2-104.2) vs. 77.6 (95% CI 60.2-94.9) vs. 48.7 (95% CI 39.3-58.1) months, respectively, p < 0.001). Cox proportional hazard model analysis adjusting for potent confounders revealed that febuxostat, with control group as reference, significantly reduced the risk of renal disease progression by 74.3% (hazard ratio 0.257 (95% CI 0.072-0.912), p = 0.036), while allopurinol showed insignificant result.

CONCLUSIONS:

Febuxostat seems to reduce serum uric acid level and to retard renal disease progression more effectively than allopurinol in hyperuricemic patients with CKD.

KEYWORDS:

Allopurinol; Febuxostat; Hyperuricemia; Renal insufficiency

PMID:
30604229
DOI:
10.1007/s11255-018-2051-2

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