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J Pediatr Psychol. 2019 Apr 1;44(3):300-310. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsy100.

Within-Subject Associations of Maternal Physical Activity Parenting Practices on Children's Objectively Measured Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity.

Author information

1
Health Sciences Department, College of Health and Human Services, Northern Arizona University.
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California.
3
Department of Psychology, University of Southern California.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Longitudinal within-subject (WS) associations of mothers' momentary assessed physical activity (PA) parenting practices were examined with children's objectively measured PA during the same 2-hr time frame.

METHOD:

Mother-child dyads (n = 189) completed five ecological momentary assessment (EMA) measurement bursts over 3 years. During each 7-day burst, mothers EMA-reported their past 2 hr PA parenting practices (i.e., encouraging their child to be physically active, taking their child someplace to be physically active), and children (Mage=9.6 years, SD = 0.9) wore an accelerometer to measure moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Two-part multilevel models were used, with zero portions representing not meeting MVPA and positive portions representing any MVPA, controlling for demographic covariates. Cross-level interaction terms of child sex and age with parenting were created to test moderation effects.

RESULTS:

When mothers reported taking their child to be physically active, children were more likely to get some MVPA (b = -0.56, p < .001). When mothers reported taking their child to be physically active more, children had higher levels of MVPA (b = 0.24, p < .001). When mothers reported encouraging their child to be physically active, children were less likely to get any MVPA (b = 0.27, p < .05). However, when mothers reported encouraging their child to be physically active more, children had higher levels of MVPA (b = 0.29, p < .001). These effects were not moderated by child sex or age.

CONCLUSIONS:

WS variations of mothers' support for PA across the day were associated with changes in children's MVPA. Future research should consider promoting mothers' provision of support for increasing children's PA.

KEYWORDS:

health behavior; parenting; parents; spina bifida

PMID:
30601994
PMCID:
PMC6415656
[Available on 2020-04-01]
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsy100

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