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Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):256-258. doi: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_395_17.

A Unique Conglomeration of Variations in the Celiac, Hepatic, and Superior Mesenteric Artery: A Clinico-Embryological Perspective.

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Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.


This paper highlights a rare variation in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric arteries, as observed during cadaveric dissection. It was found that the celiac trunk gave origin to the following: (1) left inferior phrenic artery, (2) hepatogastric trunk which gave three branches: the left gastric artery, esophageal branch, and a left hepatic artery, (3) splenic artery, and (4) common hepatic artery. The superior mesenteric artery gave origin to the right hepatic artery, and the common hepatic artery gave origin to a middle hepatic artery. Such rare variations must be brought to the notice of surgeons and radiologists to prevent any undue complications during any interventional procedures and surgeries.


Celiac trunk; hepatic artery; variations

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