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Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):227-230. doi: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_105_18.

Vitamin D Levels: Do We Need to Assess Only in Disease?

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, Centre for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research, Adesh University, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
Department of Biochemistry, AIMSR, Adesh University, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
Department of Community Medicine, AIMSR, Adesh University, Bathinda, Punjab, India.



Vitamin D is conventionally known as sunshine vitamin and is synthesized endogenously in sunlight. Vitamin D is known to be a key regulator of bone metabolism, the function of genes, and essential for the development of the whole body. Deficiency of Vitamin D is now become a major worldwide epidemic health problem.


The present study was conducted with the objective of determining the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in urban population of a district in south Punjab, across various characteristics of population such as gender, age, and socioeconomic status.

Materials and Methods:

A cross-sectional population survey was conducted in the urban population of the district. A total of 120 healthy volunteers of either sex participated and their 25-hydroxy Vitamin D concentrations in serum samples were estimated using ELISA. The participants were divided into three categories as follows: Vitamin D deficient, insufficient, or sufficient, on the basis of normal standardized serum levels of Vitamin D <20, 20-30, and >30 ng/ml, respectively.


Of 120 healthy individuals, 95% of the study participants had VDD or insufficiency and only 5% had adequate Vitamin D levels. In each age group, females showed lower Vitamin D levels as compared to males. Furthermore, high body mass index value was associated with low Vitamin D. Upper-class individuals also showed low levels of Vitamin D as compared to other socioeconomic classes' individuals.


Overall, high prevalence of VDD among the apparently healthy urban population of the district was observed and gives an alarming sign about continuously increasing prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among healthy population.


25 (hydroxycholecalciferol) D; Vitamin D; body mass index; deficiency; prevalence

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