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J Educ Health Promot. 2018 Nov 27;7:141. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_145_18. eCollection 2018.

Community-based interventions for health promotion and disease prevention in noncommunicable diseases: A narrative review.

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1
Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention is emerging as a public health priority in developing countries. For better health outcome in these countries, it is necessary to understand the different community-based interventions developed and implemented across the world.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the current review is to identify the best strategies used in community-based health intervention (CBHI) programs across the world.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

For review, we searched in PubMed and Google Scholar with the keywords "community based," "health interventions," "health promotions," "primary prevention," chronic diseases," "lifestyle-related diseases," and "NCD." Data were extracted using predesigned data extraction form. CBHI studies detailing their intervention strategies only were included in the review.

RESULTS:

Out of 35 articles reviewed, 14 (40%) were randomized control trials, while 18 (51.4%) were quasi-experimental design. Individual level (n = 14), group level (n = 5), community level (n = 6), and policy level (n = 4) intervention strategies were identified. Twenty-three (64%) studies were based on interventions for 1 year and above. Twenty-eight (80%) studies were intervened among specific populations such as Latinos and so on.

CONCLUSION:

Successful programs advocate for a package or a chain of interventions than a single intervention. The type of interventions at different levels, namely individual, group, community, and policy levels vary across studies, but individual, and group level interventions are more frequently used.

KEYWORDS:

Community interventions; disease prevention; health promotion; noncommunicable disease

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