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J Korean Med Sci. 2018 Dec 11;33(53):e322. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e322. eCollection 2018 Dec 31.

The Correlation of Serum Osteoprotegerin with Non-Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Pre-Dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease: Results from the KNOW-CKD Study.

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Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Prevention and Management, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Institute of Kidney Disease Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.



Osteoprotegerin (OPG) plays protective roles against the development of vascular calcification (VC) which greatly contributes to the increased cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study aimed to find the non-traditional, kidney-related cardiovascular risk factors correlated to serum OPG and the effect of serum OPG on the arterial stiffness measured by brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in patients with the pre-dialysis CKD.


We cross-sectionally analyzed the data from the patients in whom baPWV and the serum OPG were measured at the time of enrollment in a prospective pre-dialysis CKD cohort study in Korea.


Along with traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as age, diabetes mellitus, pulse pressure, and baPWV, non-traditional, kidney-related factors such as albuminuria, plasma level of hemoglobin, total CO2 content, alkaline phosphatase, and corrected calcium were independent variables for serum OPG in multivariate linear regression. Reciprocally, the serum OPG was positively associated with baPWV in multivariate linear regression. The baPWV in the 3rd and 4th quartile groups of serum OPG were higher than that in the 1st quartile group after adjustments by age, sex and other significant factors for baPWV in linear mixed model.


Non-traditional, kidney-related cardiovascular risk factors in addition to traditional cardiovascular risk factors were related to serum level of OPG in CKD. Serum OPG level was significantly related to baPWV. Our study suggests that kidney-related factors involved in CKD-specific pathways for VC play a role in the increased secretion of OPG into circulation in patients with CKD.

Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT01630486.


Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity; Chronic Kidney Disease; Non-Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors; Serum Osteoprotegerin

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