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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2019 Feb 1;364:120-132. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2018.12.020. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Olmesartan ameliorates chemically-induced ulcerative colitis in rats via modulating NFκB and Nrf-2/HO-1 signaling crosstalk.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasa City, Mansoura, Dakahlia, Egypt. Electronic address: sameh.mohamed@deltauniv.edu.eg.
2
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasa City, Mansoura, Dakahlia, Egypt.
3
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, Egypt.
4
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasa City, Mansoura, Dakahlia, Egypt.
5
Department of Immunology, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Giza, Egypt.

Abstract

Alteration in the expression pattern of Nrf-2 and NFκB has been reported in ulcerative colitis (UC) in which functional crosstalk between these two critical pathways has been suggested. The ameliorative potential of the AT1R blocker olmesartan (OLM) on oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines has received considerable attention in recent years. Acetic acid (AA)-induced UC demonstrates close resemblance to human UC regarding histopathological features and cytokine profile and is associated with local intense immune response, oxidative stress and release of inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, The effect of OLM (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) administered orally to rats subjected to intra-rectal instillation of 2 ml of 3% AA in saline solution is investigated. The study revealed that OLM ameliorated colon injury and inflammatory signs as visualized by histopathological examination. Levels of colon IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, TGF-β, and serum CRP were down-regulated, while the level of colon IL-10 was up-regulated. In a dose-dependent manner, OLM suppressed AA-induced neutrophils accumulation and improved colon anti-oxidant defense machinery. Also, OLM repressed the Bax:BCL-2 ratio and caspase3 expression. The mechanism of these protective effects was found to lay behind its ability to down-regulate gene expression and inhibit phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of p65 subunits. On the other hand, OLM up-regulated gene expression of Nrf-2 and HO-1. In conclusion, our data show that OLM is an Nrf2 activator, NFkB inhibitor and apoptosis inhibitor in an experimental model of ulcerative colitis. Overall, the study indicates that OLM shows promise as a potential therapy for the treatment of human inflammatory bowel diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Bax:BCL-2; NFκB; Nrf2, HO-1; Olmesartan; Ulcerative Colitis

PMID:
30594690
DOI:
10.1016/j.taap.2018.12.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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