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J Ethnopharmacol. 2019 Apr 6;233:34-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.038. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Motives for using Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth.) among regular users in Malaysia.

Author information

1
Centre for Drug Research, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia. Electronic address: darshan@usm.my.
2
School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia.
3
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Clinic, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Schwabachanlage, Erlangen, Germany.
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical School, United States.
5
Centre for Drug Research, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia.
6
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

The leaves of Mitragyna speciosa (Korth.) or kratom have been traditionally used in Malaysia and Thailand mainly to enhance work productivity, as a folk remedy for treating common ailments, and as a mood enhancer.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

This present study sought to investigate kratom use motives among regular kratom users in Malaysia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 116 regular kratom users were recruited for this cross-sectional survey. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) was administered to measure kratom use motives.

RESULTS:

Our results indicate that heavy (>3 glasses daily, each glass contains 48.24-50.4 mg of mitragynine) kratom use was associated with coping (t87.09 =3.544, p < 0.001), and enhancement (t114 =2.180, p = 003). Single subjects had higher mean scores on the coping domain, relative to married subject (t113.89 =3.029, p < 0.003), while those earning more than RM1500 per month had higher mean scores on the enhancement domain, compare to those earning less than RM1500 per month (t107 =2.151, p < 0.034). Higher scores on the coping domain was significantly associated with higher (>3 glasses daily) kratom consumption (p < 0.0045).

CONCLUSIONS:

Coping was associated with high (>3 glasses daily) kratom consumption among regular kratom users in traditional, rural settings.

KEYWORDS:

Coping; Kratom; Malaysia; Motives; mitragynine and opioid

PMID:
30594604
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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