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J Dairy Sci. 2019 Feb;102(2):1780-1787. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-14534. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Reducing enteric methane emissions from dairy cattle: Two ways to supplement 3-nitrooxypropanol.

Author information

1
Animal Sciences Unit, Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Scheldeweg 68, 9090 Melle, Belgium; Department of Animal Sciences and Aquatic Ecology, Laboratory for Animal Nutrition and Animal Product Quality, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653 Block F, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
2
Animal Sciences Unit, Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Scheldeweg 68, 9090 Melle, Belgium.
3
DNP Innovation Animal Nutrition & Health, DSM Nutritional Products, PO Box 2676, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.
4
Department of Animal Sciences and Aquatic Ecology, Laboratory for Animal Nutrition and Animal Product Quality, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653 Block F, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
5
Animal Sciences Unit, Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Scheldeweg 68, 9090 Melle, Belgium. Electronic address: nico.peiren@ilvo.vlaanderen.be.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to determine the effect of 3-nitrooxypropanol (3-NOP) on the enteric methane (CH4) emissions and performance of lactating dairy cows when mixed in with roughage or incorporated into a concentrate pellet. After 2 pretreatment weeks without 3-NOP supplementation, 30 Holstein Friesian cows were divided into 3 homogeneous treatment groups: no additive, 3-NOP mixed in with the basal diet (roughage; NOPbas), and 3-NOP incorporated into a concentrate pellet (NOPconc). The pretreatment period was followed by a 10-wk treatment period in which the NOPbas and NOPconc cows were fed 1.6 g of 3-NOP/cow per day. After the treatment period, a 2-wk washout period followed without 3-NOP supplementation. The CH4 emissions were measured using a GreenFeed unit (C-Lock Inc., Rapid City, SD) installed in a freestall with cubicles during the entire experimental period. On average for the total treatment period and compared with the no-additive group, CH4 production (g/d) was 28 and 23% lower for NOPbas and NOPconc, respectively. Methane yield (g/kg of dry matter intake) and methane intensity (g/kg of milk) were 23 and 24% lower for NOPbas, respectively, and 21 and 22% lower for NOPconc, respectively. No differences were found between NOPbas and NOPconc. Moreover, supplying 3-NOP did not affect total dry matter intake, milk production, or milk composition. The results of this experiment show that 3-NOP can reduce enteric CH4 emissions of dairy cattle when incorporated into a concentrate pellet and that this reduction is not different from the effect of mixing in 3-NOP with the basal diet (roughage). This broadens the possibilities for using 3-NOP in the dairy sector worldwide, as it is not always feasible to provide an additive mixed in with the basal diet.

KEYWORDS:

3-nitrooxypropanol; dairy cow; greenhouse gas emission reduction; methane

PMID:
30594370
DOI:
10.3168/jds.2018-14534
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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