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Vet Microbiol. 2019 Jan;228:39-44. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.11.002. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

A novel linear epitope crossing Group 1 and Group 2 influenza A viruses located in the helix A of HA2 derived from H7N9.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Institutes of Agricultural Science and Technology Development, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: 462407484@qq.com.
2
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: 723694341@qq.com.
3
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: 2030579924@qq.com.
4
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: 809322407@qq.com.
5
Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 518 Ziyue Road, Shanghai 200241, China. Electronic address: 845861718@qq.com.
6
Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 518 Ziyue Road, Shanghai 200241, China. Electronic address: vetchj@shvri.ac.cn.
7
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: 1561181511@qq.com.
8
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Institutes of Agricultural Science and Technology Development, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: 987137092@qq.com.
9
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Institutes of Agricultural Science and Technology Development, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: aijian@yzu.edu.cn.
10
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Key Laboratory for Avian Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, The Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Institutes of Agricultural Science and Technology Development, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China. Electronic address: jqye@yzu.edu.cn.

Abstract

In this research, four monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were first generated as an immunogen by using the GST fusion protein that carries the fusion peptide and helix A derived from H7N9 influenza A virus (IAV). These mAbs could react with HA of H7N9, H3N2, and H9N2 with neutralizing activity. A novel linear epitope recognized by these mAbs was identified by peptide-based ELISA, and this epitope was located in TAADYKSTQSAIDQITGKLN at the C terminus of the helix A of H7N9. 3 A11, which is one of the four mAbs, could efficiently recognize the corresponding epitopes derived from H9, H7, H5, H3, and H1. Analysis of sera against the corresponding epitope from different HAs revealed that the C terminus of helix A in H9, H7, and H3 possessed dominant B cell epitopes that cross both Group 1 and Group 2 IAV, whereas the C terminus of helix A in H5 possessed only dominant B cell epitopes that cross subtypes in Group 1 virus. All these results demonstrated that the linear epitope identified in the helix A of H7N9 could be a novel target for developing broad-spectrum influenza diagnostics or vaccine candidates.

KEYWORDS:

Cross-reaction; H7N9; HA2; Helix A; Linear epitope; Neutralization; mAb

PMID:
30593378
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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