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Med Phys. 2019 Mar;46(3):1182-1197. doi: 10.1002/mp.13365. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

A weighted rebinned backprojection-filtration algorithm from partially beam-blocked data for a single-scan cone-beam CT with hybrid type scatter correction.

Min J1, Pua R1, Kim C1, Park M1, Lee J1,2, Ye SJ3, Cho S1,4.

Author information

1
Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology(KAIST), 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.
2
Medical Imaging R&D Group, Health&Medical Equipment Business, Samsung Electronics, Suwon, 16677, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Transdisciplinary Studies, Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon, 16229, Republic of Korea.
4
KAIST Institutes for Health Science and Technology & for IT Convergence, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Scatter contamination constitutes a dominant source of degradation of image quality in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). We have recently developed an analytic image reconstruction method with a scatter correction capability from the partially blocked cone-beam data out of a single scan. Despite its easy implementation and its computational efficiency, the developed method may result in additional image artifacts for a large cone angle geometry due to data inconsistency. To improve the image quality at a large cone angle, we propose a weighted rebinned backprojection-filtration (wrBPF) algorithm in conjunction with a hybrid type scatter correction approach.

METHODS:

The proposed method uses a beam-blocker array that provides partial data for scatter correction and image reconstruction and that only blocks the beam within a limited cone angle. This design allows a chance to keep the image quality at larger cone angles by use of data redundancy since the projection data corresponding to larger cone angles are not blocked. However, the scatter correction would not be straightforward. In order to correct for the scatter in the projections at larger cone angles, we propose a novel scatter correction method combining a measurement-based and a convolution-based method. We first estimated the scatter signal using a measurement-based method in the partially beam-blocked regions, and then optimized the fitting parameters of a convolution-kernel that can be used for scatter correction in the projections at larger cone angles. For image reconstruction, we developed a wrBPF with butterfly filtering. We have conducted an experimental study to validate the proposed algorithm for image reconstruction and scatter correction.

RESULTS:

The experimental results revealed that the developed reconstruction method makes full use of the benefits of partial beam-blocking for scatter correction and image reconstruction and at the same time enhances image quality at larger cone angles by use of an optimized convolution-based scatter correction.

CONCLUSIONS:

The proposed method that enjoys the advantages of both measurement-based and convolution-based methods for scatter correction has successfully demonstrated its capability of reconstructing accurate images out of a single scan in circular CBCT.

KEYWORDS:

BPF; cone-beam CT; image reconstruction; scatter correction; x-ray beam-blocker

PMID:
30592313
DOI:
10.1002/mp.13365

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