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FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2018 Dec 24. doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiy241. [Epub ahead of print]

The human skin microbiota is a rich source of bacteriocin producing staphylococci which kill human pathogens.

Author information

1
Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland.
2
School of Microbiology, University College Cork, Ireland.
3
APC Microbiome Ireland, University College Cork, Ireland.

Abstract

The demand for novel antimicrobial therapies due to the threat posed by antimicrobial resistance has resulted in a growing interest in the protective role of our skin bacteria, and the importance of competition between bacteria on the skin. A survey of the cultivable bacteria on human skin was undertaken to identify the capacity of the skin microbiota to produce bacteriocins with activity against skin pathogens. Twenty-one bacteriocins produced by bacteria isolated from seven sites from each subject exhibited inhibition spectra ranging from broad to narrow range, inhibiting many Gram-positive bacteria, including opportunistic skin pathogens such as Propionibacterium acnes (recently renamed Cutibacterium acnes), Staphylococcus epidermidis, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Sequencing indicated that the antimicrobial-producing isolates were predominately species/strains of the Staphylococcus genus. Colony mass spectrometry revealed peptide masses which do not correspond to known bacteriocins. In an era where antibiotic resistance is of major concern, the inhibitory effect of novel bacteriocins from bacteria of skin origin demonstrates the antimicrobial potential that could be harnessed from within the human skin microbiota.

PMID:
30590567
DOI:
10.1093/femsec/fiy241

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