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Am J Transplant. 2019 Jun;19(6):1693-1707. doi: 10.1111/ajt.15243. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Uncontrolled donation after circulatory death: A cohort study of data from a long-standing deceased-donor kidney transplantation program.

Author information

1
Nephrology Department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
2
Transplantation Coordination Unit, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
3
Urology Department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
4
Surgery Department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
5
SAMUR, Madrid, Spain.
6
SUMMA112, School of Medicine, Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain.
7
Preventive Medicine, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Despite good long-term outcomes of kidney transplants from controlled donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors, there are few uncontrolled DCD (uDCD) programs. This longitudinal study compares outcomes for all uDCD (N = 774) and all donation after brain death (DBD) (N = 613) kidney transplants performed from 1996 to 2015 at our center. DBD transplants were divided into those from standard-criteria (SCD) (N = 366) and expanded-criteria (N = 247) brain-dead donors (ECD). One-, 5-, and 10-year graft survival rates were 91.7%, 85.7%, and 80.6% for SCD; 86.0%, 75.8%, and 61.4% for ECD; and 85.1%, 78.1%, and 72.2% for uDCD, respectively. Graft survival was worse in recipients of uDCD kidneys than of SCD (P = .004) but better than in transplants from ECD (P = .021). The main cause of graft loss in the uDCD transplants was primary nonfunction. Through logistic regression, donor death due to pulmonary embolism (OR 4.31, 95% CI 1.65-11.23), extrahospital CPR time ≥75 minutes (OR1.94, 95%CI 1.18-3.22), and in-hospital CPR time ≥50 minutes (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.09-2.93) emerged as predictive factors of primary nonunction. According to the outcomes of our long-standing kidney transplantation program, uDCD could help expand the kidney donor pool.

KEYWORDS:

clinical research/practice; donors and donation: donation after brain death (DBD); donors and donation: donation after circulatory death (DCD); donors and donation: extended criteria; kidney transplantation/nephrology; organ procurement; organ procurement and allocation

PMID:
30589507
DOI:
10.1111/ajt.15243

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