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Indian J Dent Res. 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):820-829. doi: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_812_18.

Burden of oral diseases and noncommunicable diseases: An asia-pacific perspective.

Author information

1
Director and Consultant, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Member of the ERO Working Group 'Liberal Dental Practice', Past President of the ERO of the FDI-World Dental Federation, President-Elect of the FDI-World Dental Federation and Italian Dental Association, Turin, Italy.
3
Secretary General, Asia Pacific Dental Federation/Asia Pacific Regional Organisation of the World Dental Federation (FDI), Executive Director, International College of Continuing Dental Education, Singapore, Diplomat of the International Academy of Mini Dental Implants, New York, USA.

Abstract

Background:

At a population level, there are no systematic data to correlate the pattern of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) with oral disease burden in South Asian countries. The influence of the age, gender, and geographical distribution on these diseases is not reported. We attempt to provide a population level correlation of occurrence using the Global Burden of Disease approach.

Materials and Methods:

Using the data from the Global Burden of Diseases, 2016, the occurrence of oral diseases (dental caries of permanent teeth, edentulism (including severe tooth loss), and periodontal diseases) and various NCDs, based on geographical region, gender and age groups were collected and subjected to correlation statistics. Statistical Package for Social Services (Version 23) was used to analyze the results. P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results:

Geographical location and age had a significant role in the occurrence of dental diseases. There was a considerable difference in rates of dental diseases and NCD prevalence in the various regions of Asia-Pacific. It was observed that for most of the NCDs, there was a linear significant relationship for edentulism as well as periodontal diseases with high statistical significance.

Discussion:

The factors that contribute to the discrepancies, phenomenon, and relationship between the oral diseases and NCDs are discussed. The current state of the importance of oral health, in maintaining overall health is discussed. Methods by which policymakers could bring about a change by utilizing the principles of "Overton window" for mobilizing the support of people are presented.

KEYWORDS:

Asia-pacific; dental disorders; health policy making; noncommunicable diseases; oral disorders

PMID:
30589014
DOI:
10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_812_18
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