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Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):1358-1365. doi: 10.4103/1319-2442.248301.

Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of organ donation in Morocco: A cross-sectional survey.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tangier; Department of Cardiology B, Ibn Sina Hospital; Exercise Physiology and Autonomic Nervous System Team "EPE-SNA", Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
2
Department of Cardiology B, Ibn Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
3
Exercise Physiology and Autonomic Nervous System Team "EPE-SNA", Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
4
Department of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tangier, Morocco.

Abstract

In any health system, public awareness of organ donation fundamentally affects the organ transplantation programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and perception of the people in Morocco toward organ donation as well as to identify the reasons and determinants for refusal of organ donation. This opinion survey included a representative sample of 2000 participants in Morocco, and data related to sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and self-opinion about organ donation, and reasons behind refusal were collected. Statistical analysis showed that 55.2% of the participants were women, the median age was 21 years, and 60.8% of included participants had secondary education. Almost two-thirds of surveyed participants (62.3%) showed a low to mid-level of knowledge about organ donation and transplantation in Morocco. About half of the interviewed participants (48.8%) refused to donate their organs. Concern about risk of medical error and the belief in trafficking of procured organs were the main reasons for refusal, seen in 66% and 62% of the interviewees, respectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models showed that the older, the less educated and the less informed a person is, the less he accepted organ donation. Therefore, promotion of organ donation in Morocco should involve a regular information and awareness among the general population.

PMID:
30588967
DOI:
10.4103/1319-2442.248301
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