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Int Q Community Health Educ. 2018 Dec 26:272684X18821306. doi: 10.1177/0272684X18821306. [Epub ahead of print]

Patient Perspective on Factors Contributing to Nonadherence to Dietary Therapy: A Qualitative Study in Multicultural Population of Kedah, Malaysia.

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1 Clinical Research Centre, Sultanah Bahiyah Hospital, Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia.


The purpose of this study is to explore diabetes patients' views on various factors contributing to nonadherence to dietary therapy. Using a qualitative approach, 17 in-depth interviews were conducted with type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Kedah state, Malaysia. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated before analysis. Thematic content analysis was used and three main themes emerged. The main factors that affect diabetes patients' dietary adherence were "individual preference," "family support," and "social and cultural activities." Difficulty to change the existing meals, poor family support, practice of eating out, and social and cultural gatherings were among the factors that influenced diabetes patients' adherence toward dietary therapy. Most challenges were related to the social role of food in the multicultural population. Therefore, in addition to the family and community involvement, dietary therapy should be individualized to improve patient adherence.


diabetes mellitus Type 2; diet therapy; nonadherence; qualitative research


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